Gum problems and its prevention is at a higher rise right now. Gum disease can be caused due to genetic predisposition and usually gets worse progressively. Using proper gum treatments, we can prevent the loss of teeth and proper oral care especially in adults who are at a higher risk of gum problems.
What is gum disease and what causes it?
- Gum disease occurs when you do not brush your teeth every day.
- This results in a yellowish sticky paste that looks like dirt but in turn is a roll of bacteria that eat away the teeth every single day.
- While most of these bacteria seem harmless, there are a few that eat away the food that we eat and release enzymes and toxins in the groove where the tooth and the gum meet.
- Bacteria usually lives in these plaque environment and multiply over 100 percent of the mass of the plaque making it important to remove it.
- When the bacteria release these toxins, your body notices it, usually planning to fight back against it. The bacteria attack these blood vessels making the gums look red and swollen.
- As they attack these blood vessels, the vessels become fragile and thus start bleeding which is nothing but gum bleeding.
What are the different stages of Gum disease?
The first stage of gum disease is called Gingivitis. This stage as most early stages in gum disease is often painless and most adults don’t even realize this pain. As the intensity of the disease increases, the bone of the teeth attached to the jaw loosens and starts hanging loose. If it is left untreated at this stage, the teeth may eventually fall out or needs to be extracted due to the unbearable pain.
How can you prevent it?
By following these simple steps, you can prevent gum disease from occurring-
- Brush your teeth and clean your teeth thoroughly once a day (Preferably at night).
- Brush your teeth twice a day. This is an important step as most people either do it only once or skip brushing at night as they get busy or tired.
- It is also important to brush your teeth properly to clean any bacteria form your teeth after a meal or in the morning.
Here are some ways in which you can clean your teeth by brushing properly-
- Quality Brushing-
- To get quality brushing you need to understand the purpose of your task which means you need to do it the right way.
- You need to understand the objective of achieving your goal and not making any mistakes.
- Take it slow
- If you do it well once, you don’t have to worry about it till tomorrow. The task here is to remove the soft sticky plaque from the surface of every tooth and this quite an easy task as plaque comes off very easily.
- If it is harder to remove, it is probably tartar which is also known as calculus and no amount of brushing can remove it. Only your dentist can remove this during a dental cleaning.
- It is advised at this time not to brush too hard as it can cause damage to the toothbrush.
How do you brush out the Plaque?
- It is advisable to use a soft toothbrush with a tiny head to get into the hard to reach spots and a tiny blob of toothpaste.
- The technique advised here is to focus completely on the gum first.
- The goal is to focus on the sulcus which is a little ditch in between the gum and the tooth around each tooth. This is where the food deposits and thus begins the gum disease.
Is there an ideal way to brush your teeth?
- The movement of the brushing has to be ideally at an angle of 45 degrees upwards and downwards towards the angle of the gum.
- The movement of the brush has to be backward and forward and short circular movements around the teeth.
- It is important to be gentle while brushing your teeth and to avoid scrubbing as this may cause damage to both the gum and tooth tissue.
- It is also important to include flossing as a part of your oral care.
- It can be convenient to use your dentist’s opinion in this as they may suggest interdental brushes, floss holders or thin toothpicks.