Laser dentistry is the use of lasers to treat a number of different dental conditions. It was introduced in dental practice for procedures involving tooth tissue in 1989.
Lasers were introduced into the field of clinical dentistry with the hope of overcoming some of the drawbacks posed by the conventional methods of dental procedures. At present, wide varieties of procedures are carried out using lasers.
Lasers are used for:
- Detection of pulp cavity
- Caries removal and caries preparation
- Recontouring of bone
- Endodontic (root canal, apicectomy)
- Incision and draining of abscess
- Removal of granulation tissue
- Operculectomy, vestibuloplasty, frenectomy
Advantages of laser:
- Less pain
- Minimize bleeding
- Reduce bacterial infection
- Preserve more healthy tooth during cavity preparation
- Reduce anxiety in patient
Laser is widely used in different dental fields and treatments that give good results compared with traditional treatments. However, it still needs time to be better accepted by dentists and require farther studies to explore more of its advantages.